大憲章各本之異

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[[File:Magna_CartaMagna_Carta_(British_Library_Cotton_MS_Augustus_II.106).jpg|right|thumb|大憲章]]
'''大憲章'''(Magna Carta)者,[[憲法]]之始也。蓋[[中世紀|中世]]之時,[[英國]]王威赫赫,無有制約,為權貴所忌。遂於[[一二一五年]],脅王訂盟,曰《大憲章》(注︰《[[爾雅]]》曰︰「憲,法也」),自是王權受制,為君者,不可妄奪臣民之命,可謂約法於民矣。後世之[[美國憲法]]及[[權利法案]],蓋亦受其啟蒙。
 
五二五