亞馬遜河

亞馬遜河,在南美洲。其也,天下至巨,冠絕諸水。其長也,居諸水之次,亞尼羅河,一說水中至長。[一][二]通說以尼羅河為水中至長,長約六千六百五十公里,[三]以亞馬遜河次之,長過於六千四百公里也。[一]二〇〇七〇八年,學者考亞馬遜河,以為長六千九百九十二公里,以尼羅河長六千八百五十三公里。[四][五]二〇〇九年有學文經審校者,曰尼羅河長七千八十八公里,亞馬遜河長六千五百七十五公里,考諸衛星攝影及親赴源頭而得之也。[六]大英百科全書》載曰,迄二〇二〇年,亞馬遜其長若何,猶見爭論,闡釋多端焉。[一][七]百年以來,人多以阿普里馬克河密斯米雪山為亞馬遜河源。二〇一四年,考得秘魯曼塔羅河魯米克魯茲山脈,乃亞馬遜河本源也。[八]阿普里馬克、曼塔羅二水匯,合而為烏卡亞利河,復匯馬拉尼翁河於秘魯伊基托斯上游。巴西以外各國,多以是為幹流;巴西人呼其水為蘇里摩希,以其合內格羅河[九]瑪瑙斯水匯者為亞馬遜。瑪瑙斯者,亞馬遜上首邑也。亞馬遜水流之壯也,一秒之瀉,約合二十萬九千立方米;期年,則六千五百九十一立方千米;合天下次亞馬遜之七大河,莫能及也。寰宇川流入海之水,亞馬遜五分有其一。[一〇]亞馬遜河盂也,天下最廣,幅員方七百萬里。[一]獨取在巴西者,猶為至闊。亞馬遜入巴西處,流五一於入海處,已勝他水。[一一][一二]

亞馬遜河

  1. 一點〇 一點一 一點二 一點三 Amazon River
  2. Uereyen, Soner; Kuenzer, Claudia. A Review of Earth Observation-Based Analyses for Major River Basins. Remote Sensing. 9 December 2019, 11 (24): 2951. Bibcode:2019RemS...11.2951U. doi:10.3390/rs11242951. 
  3. Nile River
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  5. Amazon Longer Than Nile River, Scientists Say
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  7. How Long Is the Amazon River? (en)
  8. James Contos; Nicholas Tripcevich. Correct placement of the most distant source of the Amazon River in the Mantaro River drainage (PDF). Area. March 2014, 46 (1): 27–39. doi:10.1111/area.12069. 
  9. Penn·James R. Rivers of the World  :第八頁; ABC-CLIO,二千有一年; ISBN 978-1-57607-042-0
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  11. Tom Sterling: Der Amazonas. Time-Life Bücher 1979, 7th German Printing, p. 19.
  12. Smith·Nigel J.H. Amazon Sweet Sea: Land, Life, and Water at the River's Mouth  ; University of Texas Press,二千有三年; ISBN 978-0-292-77770-5